Container freight terminology
Container freight terminology: container, container lease, container handling area, container front yard, rear container yard, empty container yard, transit station or inner route station, container freight terminal, mesh responsibility system, shipping conference container rules.
Containers are divided into general cargo containers, bulk containers, liquid containers, refrigerated containers, etc. According to the manufacturing materials, there are wooden containers, steel containers, aluminum alloy containers, FRP containers, etc. Stainless steel containers and so on; according to the structure, there are folding containers, fixed containers and so on, in the fixed containers can also be divided into closed containers, open top containers, plate containers, etc.; according to the total weight, There are 30 ton container, 20 ton container, 10 ton container, 5 ton container, 2. 5 ton container, etc. Container computing unit (twen) Ty-feet equivalent units for short: TEU)
A business in which the (container leasing) owner rents empty containers to the user. The owner of the container is the one who rents the container and signs a lease contract with the user, usually the shipping company or the owner, as the charterer. Qualified containers provided by the lessor shall be used by the lessee within the agreed scope. There are many different ways to rent containers in the world. In summary, they are: Rent, term Rent, current Rental and Air Zone Rent and so on.
Container handling area (container terminal)
Container transport, container or cargo handling exchange custody specific departments. It entrusts the carrier or his agent to carry out the following business: (1) the exchange and custody of whole cartons. (2) where there is a container freight terminal, the transfer of the LCL cargo shall be handled. (3) arrange container ship berthing, loading and unloading containers, and compile stowage plan for each voyage. (4) handling the compilation and signing of the relevant shipping documents. (5) to prepare and sign the relevant documents for the access and circulation of containers using means of conveyance. (6) handling containers and shipments Examination and maintenance of loading and unloading tools, as well as cleaning and fumigation of empty containers. (7) Receiving and dispatching of empty containers, storage and storage of empty containers. (8) Arrangement of empty and heavy containers stacking in the yard, and preparation of site distribution plans. (9) Other related business work. Container loading and unloading areas are generally by dedicated terminals, frontiers, yards, freight stations, control towers, repair. Departments, gates and offices. Sometimes a yard or freight station can extend to a 5-15 km transit point within the city.
Container front yard (marshalling yard)
In front of container terminal, to speed up ship loading and unloading, temporary stacking container yard. Its function is: before container ships arrive at port, they are planned to pile up export containers neatly and centrally according to stowage requirements, and import containers are stacked temporarily in front of wharf when unloading ships, so as to speed up ship loading and unloading. Rear container yard (container yard) container heavy or empty container transfer, storage and storage place. Some countries do not distinguish the front yard or the rear yard for the container yard, collectively referred to as the reactor Field. The rear container yard is an integral part of the container handling area. It is the place where the whole container is handed over (actually at the gate of the container unloading area).
Empty container yard (van pool)
specializes in the collection, storage, storage or handover of empty containers. It is designed for container handling areas or transfer stations where there is a shortage of storage yards. The yard does not handle the transfer of heavy containers or goods. It can be operated separately, or it can be set up outside the area by the container working area. Some capitalist countries, operating such empty container yards, have to declare to shipping associations.
Container freight station：CFS
Container Freight Terminal (container freight station) is a container and unpacking ship, a place where both parties handle the transfer. The carrier can only entrust the operator of a container terminal in a port or inland city. It represents the carrier for the following main business: (1) LCL cargo tally and handover. (2) endorsement shall be made in the event of any discrepancy in the outward inspection of the goods. (3) packing and stowage of LCL cargo. (4) unpacking and keeping of imported cargoes. (5) the carrier shall be sealed with lead and a station receipt shall be issued. ( 6) handling of documents and preparation, etc.
Shipper's liability (shipper's liabilities)
shipper's due responsibility in container transportation. This responsibility is different from the traditional maritime aspects. The liability of the consignor of cargoes is the same as that of conventional sea transport. The shippers of the whole cargoes are not responsible for traditional transportation: (1) the accuracy and completeness of the reported cargo information shall be guaranteed. (2) the carrier has the right to check the goods in the box at the expense of the shipper. (3) the shipper shall bear the expenses of the customs or other authority for the opening of the case and the resulting damage to the goods. (IV) if container cargo is not available The shipper shall be responsible for the damage caused by the filling, improper lining, improper stowage or loading of unsuitable goods for container transport. (5) the shipper shall be responsible for any damage caused by the use of unseaworthy containers owned by the shipper. (6) damage to third party property or life caused during the use of carrier containers and equipment shall be compensated by the shipper.
Limitation of liability in (limits of liability)
container transportation, the carrier shall bear the maximum amount of damages. The liability limit for LCL cargo is the same as for traditional transportation. In accordance with the current international jurisprudence, if the bill of lading does not specify the number of the goods in the case, each case shall be used as a unit of settlement of claims. If the bill of lading indicates the number of contents in the case, the number of pieces shall still be calculated. In case of damage and loss of goods, not by sea, but in inland transport, the maximum amount of compensation for land transport shall be applied. If the container is owned or supplied by the shipper In case of loss or damage, the liability is indeed on the carrier and shall be regarded as a claim settlement unit.